Introduction into The irish Legal system.
In this weeks Lecture we got a brief insight into the the irish legal system. We learned about the Irish Constitution, Legislation, Common law, Eu law, International law, criminal and civil law. We looked over some case studies using two episodes of the Simpsons as an example. One which uses the episode of Bart getting hit by Mr. Burns car which was a clear example of torts and the law. The other case was an example of contract law where Homer would eat all of the shrimp at “The frying Dutchman”. He ate the restaurant practically dry of food and then then was kicked out after closing time. The restaurant advertised all you could eat and Homer was still hungry after leaving.
Media Consumption in a two day period:
Time: 7:30am (Facebook 2 minutes)
Breakfast: (Facebook 5)
Drive to college: (No Media on devices, billboards and advertising)
College Day: (Youtube, Facebook, 1hour total)
20 mins on mobile device, 40 mins on desktop.
During the Day: (SoundCloud, 4 hours)
Home time: (t.v, internet viewing of programs, 4hours)
Bed: (Mobile device, Facebook, internet browsing, 20mins)
BOOK SUMMARY – In Media, Society, World, Couldry provides a sweeping synthesis of his important media theory over the last decade. Couldry reassesses his work on media rituals, media power, and the “hidden injuries” of representation in light of cross-cultural diversity as well as the sudden eruption of social media. The book argues convincingly that these theories remain relevant to a social media age, in a rich, chapter-by-chapter engagement with contemporary social theory. Couldry makes a cogent case for a “practice approach” to media studies that treats a wide range of social activity—and not just production or consumption—as media-related and worthy of study. The book is concerned with big themes—social order, justice and power—but also furnishes a toolkit of mid-range theories that deserve to be applied, and wrestled with, in empirical research. Media, Society, World provides a nuanced verdict on the prospects of digital democracy, advances a de-territorialized notion of “media cultures,” and furnishes a theory of media power through a highly original rethinking of Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory. The concluding chapter asks readers to engage with a literature—and a set of questions—that media scholars rarely address: media justice in the context of moral and political philosophy. The book is a major statement from the leading media theorist working today.
Author: Nick Couldry, Professor of Media and Communications, Department of Media and Communications, Goldsmiths University of London
Publisher: Polity Press, 2012
PODCAST – New Books in Communications features discussions with communication scholars on their recently published books.
After all of our class creating a digital media time scale and diary. The finding were quite interesting. The internet was the most used form of media in the primary and secondary usage scale. In the third level of the scale T.V was popular form of media where other forms of media would be taking up your time for example, watching t.v, browsing on the lap top and listening to the radio. We interact in mass media in so many different ways and on so many different platforms. Breaking down the primary, secondary and third level usage of the media that you consume is a great way of figuring out trends.
On tuesday our class met in meeting house square in temple bar. We went to a very interesting photography exhibition. It was an irish photographer who studies capitalism around the world. His pictures told a story of the stock market and showed the people who are part of the corporate world. We then went to a different exhibition where there were lots of photos taken from the council flats around Dublin. The pictures told the story of previous times and also gave us insight into peoples lives.
We have been given our assignment for Digital media within society. We have to create a film or photography project which will show stereotypes in the media or the media’s effect on societies perspectives.
At the start, I wanted to create a photography project and I choose the theme of medias effect on societies perspectives. I wrote a proposal and submitted it to the class. We had a feed back session were we all discussed our ideas and shared any thoughts that we had for others. I wanted to look at the theme of beauty within the fashion industry and how media is able to effect how we perceive beauty. Here was my proposal:
Digital Media Within Society
Project Proposal Brief
Media’s Effect on Society’s Perspectives
I propose to create a film project which follows the owners of major fashions labels and cat walk run way and show the underlining problems and the effect it has on society’s perception.
Due to advertising and mass media, society’s perception of beauty is warped and we are becoming more and more self-conscious about our looks and each other’s appearances. Each day and every day, society is bombarded with these influences. In the fashion industry there is a serious epidemic of anorexia and bulimia, where models starve themselves so they are bone thin. Some models take drugs such as cocaine and speed to suppress hunger and lose weight. The problem lies in the knock on effect where young men and women aspire to look like the fashion catwalk.
The more we allow media to influence our thoughts, the greater the effect it will have. I want to portray real beauty in the medium of photography and show how people in society perceive beauty. I want to show their wants and their needs and draw contrast between the two. I believe the reason that the media portrays beauty in a certain way boils down to capitalism, consumerism and money. Advertising and the media want us to believe that this is the way we as a society should be. The mass media wants to sell and influence our choices.
In glossy magazines, TV adverts, programs, films, on the web and traditional forms of advertising we see that beauty is portrayed as beings absolutely flawless and symmetrical. Editors use photoshop to edit adverts and make people look a certain way. The Ministry of Health says about 125,000 women in Israel suffer from eating disorders. But many insiders say it’s a vastly underreported problem, putting the number closer to 500,000. In Israel the leading cause of death for 15-24 year olds is anorexia.
(Facts taken from : http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/eating-disorders-statistics/ )
• 91% of women surveyed on a college campus had attempted to control their weight through dieting. 22% dieted “often” or “always.”5
• 86% report onset of eating disorder by age 20; 43% report onset between ages of 16 and 20.6
• Anorexia is the third most common chronic illness among adolescents.7
• 95% of those who have eating disorders are between the ages of 12 and 25.8
• 25% of college-aged women engage in bingeing and purging as a weight-management technique.3
• The mortality rate associated with anorexia nervosa is 12 times higher than the death rate associated with all causes of death for females 15-24 years old.4
• Over one-half of teenage girls and nearly one-third of teenage boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives.17
• In a survey of 185 female students on a college campus, 58% felt pressure to be a certain weight, and of the 83% that dieted for weight loss, 44% were of normal weight.16
• An estimated 10-15% of people with anorexia or bulimia are male.9
• Men are less likely to seek treatment for eating disorders because of the perception that they are “women’s diseases.”10
• Among gay men, nearly 14% appeared to suffer from bulimia and over 20% appeared to be anorexic.11
Media, Perception, Dieting:
• 95% of all dieters will regain their lost weight within 5 years.3
• 35% of “normal dieters” progress to pathological dieting. Of those, 20-25% progress to partial or full-syndrome eating disorders.5
• The body type portrayed in advertising as the ideal is possessed naturally by only 5% of American females.3
• 47% of girls in 5th-12th grade reported wanting to lose weight because of magazine pictures.12
• 69% of girls in 5th-12th grade reported that magazine pictures influenced their idea of a perfect body shape.13
• 42% of 1st-3rd grade girls want to be thinner (Collins, 1991).
• 81% of 10 year olds are afraid of being fat (Mellin et al., 1991).
Collins, M.E. (1991). Body figure perceptions and preferences among preadolescent children. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 199-208.
Mellin, L., McNutt, S., Hu, Y., Schreiber, G.B., Crawford, P., & Obarzanek, E. (1991). A longitudinal study of the dietary practices of black and white girls 9 and 10 years old at enrollment: The NHLBI growth and health study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 23-37.
• Women are much more likely than men to develop an eating disorder. Only an estimated 5 to 15 percent of people with anorexia or bulimia are male.14
• An estimated 0.5 to 3.7 percent of women suffer from anorexia nervosa in their lifetime.14 Research suggests that about 1 percent of female adolescents have anorexia.15
• An estimated 1.1 to 4.2 percent of women have bulimia nervosa in their lifetime.14
• An estimated 2 to 5 percent of Americans experience binge-eating disorder in a 6-month period.14
• About 50 percent of people who have had anorexia develop bulimia or bulimic patterns.15
• 20% of people suffering from anorexia will prematurely die from complications related to their eating disorder, including suicide and heart problems.18
1. Mortality in Anorexia Nervosa. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1995; 152 (7): 1073-4.
2. Characteristics and Treatment of Patients with Chronic Eating Disorders, by Dr. Greta Noordenbox, International Journal of Eating Disorders, Volume 10: 15-29, 2002.
3. The Renfrew Center Foundation for Eating Disorders, “Eating Disorders 101 Guide: A Summary of Issues, Statistics and Resources,” 2003.
4. American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 152 (7), July 1995, p. 1073-1074, Sullivan, Patrick F.
5. Shisslak, C.M., Crago, M., & Estes, L.S. (1995). The Spectrum of Eating Disturbances. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18 (3): 209-219.
6. National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders 10-year study, 2000
7. Public Health Service’s Office in Women’s Health, Eating Disorders Information Sheet, 2000.
8. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), The Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS), offices of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
9. Carlat, D.J., Camargo. Review of Bulimia Nervosa in Males. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1997.
10. American Psychological Association, 2001.
11. International Journal of Eating Disorders 2002; 31: 300-308.
12. Prevention of Eating Problems with Elementary Children, Michael Levine, USA Today, July 1998.
14. The National Institute of Mental Health: “Eating Disorders: Facts About Eating Disorders and the Search for Solutions.” Pub No. 01-4901. Accessed Feb. 2002. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/nedspdisorder.cfm.
15. Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders, Inc. website. Accessed Feb. 2002. http://www.anred.com/
16. Nutrition Journal. March 31, 2006.
17. Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2005). I’m, Like, SO Fat!. New York: The Guilford Press. pp. 5.
18. The Renfrew Center Foundation for Eating Disorders, “Eating Disorders 101 Guide: A Summary of Issues, Statistics and Resources,” published September 2002, revised October 2003, http://www.renfrew.org
19. Zucker NL, Womble LG, Williamson DA, et al. Protective factors for eating disorders in female college athletes. Eat Disorders 1999; 7: 207-218.
20. Sungot-Borgen, J. Torstveit, M.K. (2004) Prevalence of ED in Elite Athletes is Higher than in the General Population. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 14(1), 25-32.
21. Bachner-Melman, R., Zohar, A, Ebstein, R, et.al. 2006. How Anorexic-like are the Symptom and Personality Profiles of Aesthetic Athletes? Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 38 No 4. 628-636.
Unique Aspect of the project:
The unique aspect of the project comes from the outlook that everyone has beauty in their own right and its due to the mass media and advertising that people have self issues about how they look. I will create a story through my photography that will portray the theme and allow people to consider their own views on how they view beauty.
I plan build a visual essay by taking photographs around the Dublin area and will capture how beauty is portrayed and how it influences people’s lives. I plan to get in touch with fashion photographers and people in the advertising industry and ask them on their views on beauty and how it’s portrayed. Ill research high fashion and glossy magazines, websites, television adverts, billboards, posters and traditional/digital advertising for men and woman.
The feedback I received from the class was that liked the idea and they all gave me some ways in which I could take the project. The outcome was to make a video instead of a photography essay because it would have more of an impact and would be more suited to what i was trying to do. One of my class members came up with the idea of capturing what the people at the top of the high fashion brands had to say about how they view beauty and then the knock on effect it had to the general public. I really liked the idea and ran it by my lecture Sinead. She liked the idea too so I began.
I started by collecting as much footage as I could of the people who are CEO’s of the high fashion brands. I saw what they had to say then I moved onto what the people in the fashion industry had to say i.e. the models and the photographers. After that I moved onto the people who edit pictures the fashion magazines and how they manipulate models to look unrealistic. These would also include the advertisers. Then I moved onto the general public and saw what there views were of how the models looked and how it made them feel.
The Final Piece:
Password is: digital
The shock doctrine:
We watch part of the shock doctrine in class and i form it very interesting. Here is a link:
In THE SHOCK DOCTRINE, Naomi Klein explodes the myth that the global free market triumphed democratically. Exposing the thinking, the money trail and the puppet strings behind the world-changing crises and wars of the last four decades, The Shock Doctrine is the gripping story of how America’s “free market” policies have come to dominate the world– through the exploitation of disaster-shocked people and countries.
At the most chaotic juncture in Iraq’s civil war, a new law is unveiled that would allow Shell and BP to claim the country’s vast oil reserves…. Immediately following September 11, the Bush Administration quietly out-sources the running of the “War on Terror” to Halliburton and Blackwater…. After a tsunami wipes out the coasts of Southeast Asia, the pristine beaches are auctioned off to tourist resorts…. New Orleans’s residents, scattered from Hurricane Katrina, discover that their public housing, hospitals and schools will never be reopened…. These events are examples of “the shock doctrine”: using the public’s disorientation following massive collective shocks – wars, terrorist attacks, or natural disasters — to achieve control by imposing economic shock therapy. Sometimes, when the first two shocks don’t succeed in wiping out resistance, a third shock is employed: the electrode in the prison cell or the Taser gun on the streets.
Based on breakthrough historical research and four years of on-the-ground reporting in disaster zones, The Shock Doctrine vividly shows how disaster capitalism – the rapid-fire corporate reengineering of societies still reeling from shock – did not begin with September 11, 2001. The book traces its origins back fifty years, to the University of Chicago under Milton Friedman, which produced many of the leading neo-conservative and neo-liberal thinkers whose influence is still profound in Washington today. New, surprising connections are drawn between economic policy, “shock and awe” warfare and covert CIA-funded experiments in electroshock and sensory deprivation in the 1950s, research that helped write the torture manuals used today in Guantanamo Bay.
The Shock Doctrine follows the application of these ideas through our contemporary history, showing in riveting detail how well-known events of the recent past have been deliberate, active theatres for the shock doctrine, among them: Pinochet’s coup in Chile in 1973, the Falklands War in 1982, the Tiananmen Square Massacre in 1989, the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Asian Financial crisis in 1997 and Hurricane Mitch in 1998.